K to 12 Basic Education Program
Frequently Asked Questions
As of 6 February, 2014
K to 12 Concerns
1. When will the K to 12 program be implemented?
Universal Kindergarten started in SY 2011-
The new curriculum for Grade 1 and Grade 7 (1st Year Junior High School) was rolled out in SY 2012-
Grade 11 will be introduced in SY 2016-
The first batch of students to go through Senior High School will graduate in March 2018.
2. Where will the additional two years be added?
The two years will be added after the current four-
3. Why are we implementing 12 years of basic education and not 11 years?
Other countries like Singapore have 11 years of compulsory education but have, 12 to 14 years of pre-
4. How will K to 12 help in ensuring employment for our graduates?
The K to 12 basic education curriculum will be sufficient to prepare students for work.
The curriculum will enable students to acquire Certificates of Competency (COCs) and National Certificates (NCs). This will be in accordance with the Training Regulations of the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA). This will allow graduates to have middle level skills and will offer them better opportunities to be gainfully employed or become entrepreneurs.
There will be school-
5. What would be the assurance that K to 12 graduates will be employed?
DepEd has entered into an agreement with business organizations and local and foreign chambers of commerce and industries that graduates of K to 12 will be considered for employment.
There will be a matching of competency requirements and standards so that 12-
Entrepreneurship will also be included in the enhanced basic education curriculum, ensuring graduates can venture into other opportunities beyond employment.
6. How will the K to 12 Program help students intending to pursue higher education?
The K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum is in accordance with the CRS and the new General Education (GE) curriculum of the Commission on Higher Education (CHED). The CRS sets the skills and competencies required of K to 12 graduates who intend to pursue higher education.
B. Transition Management and Further Education
7. What will happen to colleges and universities during the initial nationwide implementation of Senior High School beginning in SY 2016-
To manage the initial nationwide implementation of Senior High School and mitigate the possible multi-
8. Where will Senior High School be implemented?
Existing public and private schools, including those currently dedicated to higher education and/or technical-
9. How will DepEd recruit enough teachers for SY 2016-
With the continuous increase of the DepEd budget, more teachers are being hired to fill all necessary gaps in schools.
Republic Act No. 10533 or the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013 allows for the hiring of non-
(1) graduates of science, mathematics, statistics, engineering, music and other degree courses with shortages of qualified licensed teacher applicants, (2) graduates of technical-
10. What are the guidelines for graduates of science, mathematics, statistics, engineering, music and other degree courses with shortages of qualified licensed teacher applicants?
These graduates will be permitted to teach in their specialized subjects in elementary and secondary education. They must pass the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET) within five years after their date of hiring to remain employed full-
They will no longer be required to take and pass the LET if these graduates are willing to teach on a part-
11. What are the guidelines for hired technical-
Graduates of technical-
Faculty of colleges and universities must be full-
Faculty of TVIs and HEIs will be given priority in hiring for the transition period (i.e. from September 2013 until SY 2021-
DepEd and private schools may also hire practitioners with expertise in the specialized learning areas offered by the K to 12 Program as part-
12. How will K to 12 affect the college curriculum?
The college GE Curriculum will be revised. It will have fewer units with the removal of unnecessary remediation. Details of the new GE Curriculum may be found in CHED Memorandum Order No. 20, series of 2013.
13. Will K to 12 change TESDA Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) programs?
No. TESDA will continue to offer TVET programs. Students may also be eligible for NC I and NC II through Junior High School and Senior High School, respectively.
14. What will happen to the curriculum? What subjects will be added and removed?
There is a continuum from Kindergarten to Grade 12, and to technical-
The current curriculum has been enhanced and has been given more focus to allow mastery of learning.
In Grades 11 and 12, core subjects like Mathematics, Science, and Languages will be strengthened. Specializations in students’ areas of interest will also be offered.
The K to 12 Curriculum Guides may be viewed and downloaded on bit.ly/kto12curriculum.
15. Will students choose specializations or will this be determined by assessment?
Students will undergo assessments to determine their interests and strengths. These will include an aptitude test, a career assessment exam, and an occupational interest inventory for high schools, and should help students decide on their specialization.
To help guide high school students in choosing their tracks, career advocacy activities will be conducted regularly.
16. For Senior High School, what will happen if majority of our students want to specialize in agriculture and only one is interested to take math or academics? How will this be accommodated?
This is an extreme situation.
The tracks or specializations to be offered will be according to the resources available in a locality, the needs and interests of the students, and the opportunities and demands of the community.
17. What will happen to schools implementing special curricular programs such as science high schools, high schools for the arts, and technical-
These schools will remain as is with enriched curriculum for Junior and/or Senior High School.
18. What will happen to multi-
19. Alternative Learning System (ALS) age requirement is only 16 years old for the high school equivalency test. Will this change to 18? Students might want to turn to ALS if they can save 2 years of formal school education costs.
The current ALS is based on the previous 10-
20. Will K to 12 enhance programs targeted to indigenous people, Muslim learners, and people with special needs?
Yes, the K to 12 Curriculum was designed to address diverse learner needs, and may be adapted to fit specific learner groups.
21. Is Kindergarten a pre-
Yes. Republic Act No. 10157 or the Kindergarten Education Act institutionalizes Kindergarten as part of the basic education system and is a pre-
22. Is there an overlap between the Day Care program of the Local Government Units (LGUs) and DepEd Kindergarten?
There is no overlap. Day Care Centers of the LGUs take care of children age 4 or below while the DepEd Kindergarten program is intended for children who are age 5 years on or before October 31 of the present school year.
23. Should schools now prepare permanent records for Kindergarten students?
Yes. While the assessment on readiness skills of students in Kindergarten is not academically driven, a good measure of the child's ability to cope with formal schooling is needed for future learning interventions.
24. Who is in-
DepEd is the main agency that employs and pays Kindergarten teachers in public schools.
There are LGUs that help in the Kindergarten program and provide honoraria for additional Kindergarten teachers in public schools.
25. Will Mother Tongue Based Multi-
Currently, 19 languages are included. These are: Bahasa Sug, Bikol, Cebuano, Chabacano, Hiligaynon, Iloko, Kapampangan, Maguindanaoan, Meranao, Pangasinense, Tagalog, Waray, Ybanag, Ivatan, Sambal, Akianon, Kinaray-
These languages are taught as a separate Learning Area from Grades 1 to 3. They are also used as the language of instruction from Kindergarten to Grade 3. · Other languages may be added in succeeding school years.
26. Which Mother Tongue will be used in multi-
The common language in the area or lingua franca shall be used as the language of instruction.
The principle of MTB-
E. Teachers and DepEd Non-
27. Will teachers be burdened by additional teaching load due to the K to 12 program?
There will be no additional workload due to the K to 12 Program. The Magna Carta for Public School Teachers provides that teachers should only teach up to six hours a day.
28. Will teacher salary increase as a result of the K to 12 program?
The K to 12 program will not result in teacher salary increase because there will be no additional teaching load or additional teaching hours.
Salary increases or additional benefits for other reasons, such as the Salary Standardization Law, inflation, promotion, and Performance-
29. How will teachers be prepared for the K to 12 program?
Teachers will be given in-
Training of teachers will follow the phased-
30. How will DepEd prepare its non-
With the broader reform agenda, DepEd is ensuring the preparedness of the organization by introducing organizational development interventions to continuously improve its service delivery to the Filipino people.
School Leadership and DepEd officials shall undergo workshops and training to enhance skills on their role as academic, administrative, and community leaders.
31. DepEd lacks resources to address its current input shortages (i.e. classrooms, teachers, textbooks, seats, water and sanitation facilities). With K to 12 and its added resource needs, how will this be addressed?
·A 1:1 ratio for student-
K to 12 requirements are included in the 2014 and previous budgets of DepEd, and will continue to be part of succeeding appropriations.
LGUs and private partners are also pitching in to provide additional resources.
32. How can different sectors and individual citizens collectively collaborate to improve the basic education sector?
Private partners can donate through the Adopt-
Individuals and institutions can take part in the TEN Moves! Campaign to build 10,000 classrooms by donating P10 per day for ten months.
For teacher items, LGUs also help by hiring qualified teachers for public schools and paying honoraria for them.
We have enough time to provide the additional classrooms, teachers, and instructional materials since they will be needed beginning SY 2016–2017.
G. Ensuring Sustainability of the Program
33. I’m worried about additional cost to families. How will government respond to this difficulty?
Kindergarten and 12 years of elementary and high school are offered for free in public schools.
There are additional indirect costs but government agencies are collaborating to provide programs that will enable everyone access to quality education, especially to those with lesser means.
The Government Assistance to Students and Teachers in Private Education (GASTPE) program will be expanded to include Senior High School students.
K to 12 graduates should have higher earning potential as they will be more competent and skilled.
As a result of the K to 12 Program particularly the more specialized education in Senior High School, CHED is studying the possibility of decreasing the number of years of certain degree programs in college.
K to 12 graduates can obtain certification from TESDA, which may help them in having more employment opportunities.
34. What about the dropout problem? Will this be addressed by the K to 12 Curriculum?
DepEd prefers the term “school leavers” rather than “dropout”, recognizing that most students who discontinue schooling were pushed out of the system due to factors beyond their and their parents’ control.
Keeping students in school is a responsibility of the entire community. To respond to this, DepEd and other government agencies are collaborating to make sure that all children stay in school through programs like the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD).
The curriculum will be learner-
DepEd will also continue to offer programs such as home schooling for elementary students and the school leavers reduction program for high schools. These programs address the learning needs of marginalized students and learners at risk of leaving the school system.
35. How will the government ensure the effectiveness of the K to 12 Program?
A Joint Oversight Committee from the Senate and the House of Representatives shall be formed to oversee, monitor, and evaluate the implementation of the program.
By the end of SY 2014-
36. Won't this be another avenue for corruption? How can you ensure that funds will be released and used properly?
DepEd fully supports the Aquino administration’s drive against corruption.
We will regularly package and disseminate information on agency budgets, bidding and procurement documents, and SALNs (Statements of Assets, Liabilities, and Net Worth) of senior government officials, to ensure transparency and accountability.
It is also in the best interest of DepEd to ensure that funds and resources are not lost to corruption.
37. What is my role in supporting this program?
Be informed. Education shapes our future and as Filipinos, it is our duty to be aware of reforms in basic education that will move our country forward.
Spread awareness. Tell your family, friends, and networks about the K to12 Program and help them stay informed.
H. Private Senior High School
38. Which private institutions are allowed to offer Senior High School (SHS)? Are they required to apply for a permit?
All interested basic education schools, higher education institutions, technical-
The guidelines for applying for a Senior High School permit are found on DepEd Memo No. 4, series of 2014.
DepEd will issue provisional permits to schools and institutions that meet its standards and requirements for Senior High School.
39. Can a private school offer SHS before SY 2016-
SHS before SY 2016-
Private schools may offer Grade 11 as early as SY 2015-
There will be no funding assistance from the government to private SHS before SY 2016-
40. Who is in charge of evaluating the applications for the provisional SHS permit? Who will issue the permit?
The SHS National Task Force (SHS-
DepEd Regional Offices will be deputized to conduct on-
The Secretary approves the applications for the SHS Program and issues a provisional SHS permit to an applicant upon the recommendation of the Undersecretary for Programs and Projects. The Regional Office releases the provisional permit to the applicant.
41. What other information should the applicants remember in applying for a SHS permit?
All applications must be submitted via email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Applications must contain the requirements detailed in DepEd Memo No. 4, series of 2014. Only applications with complete documentary requirements will be processed by the SHS-
The proposed SHS Curriculum consistent with the final SHS Curriculum issued by DepEd must be submitted upon application.
42. Will SHS modeling schools that implemented SHS in SY 2012-
SHS modelling schools listed in DepEd Order No. 71, series of 2013 must apply for a provisional SHS permit pursuant to DepEd Memorandum No. 4, series of 2014. These schools must meet the standards and requirements for the SHS Program.
43. What other guidelines related to the implementation of SHS will DepEd issue?
Guidelines on the Senior High School Curriculum specifically on competencies, content and performance standards, time allotment per subject, teacher qualifications, textbook and other learning materials, needed facilities and others shall be issued through a DepEd Order.
Guidelines on the provision of assistance to students and teachers in private SHS beginning SY 2016-
Guidelines for the implementation of public SHS will also be issued through a DepEd Order.
(Taken during the Training-
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Invitation To Bid Food & Accommodation(Division Mass Training for Grade 4 Teachers for the K to 12 Basic Education Program on May 13-
Invitation To Re-
Invitation To Bid CY 2014 Basic Educational Facilities Fund (BEFF) Provision of School Furniture to Newly Constructed Classrooms
Bulletin of Vacant Positions in the Government (Date of Release: December 12, 2014)
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